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Trip Planning and Preparedness

Find out how to prepare yourself for the hazards associated with different kinds of travel.We all hope to never experience a serious emergency while we are
traveling. But chances are that some travelers will face a problem —
and sooner or later that traveler may be you. The better informed and
prepared you are for such an event, the less likely you are to suffer
serious consequences.

In this guide we discuss the following: hazards associated with
different kinds of travel, how to access emergency assistance,
medical fitness to travel, how prudent planning can allow for safer
travel, and where you can find more information about safe traveling.There are various categories of health hazards and risks that you may encounter while traveling. Some can happen anywhere (including at home), some are more likely to occur in certain regions than in others, while some are limited to specific locales.

**GEOGRAPHY

*Season and climate — heat exhaustion, cold exposure*ECOLOGY*

* Infectious vectors — vector-borne diseases such as malaria, dengue, trypanosomiasis, chikungunya
* Human-transmitted diseases — sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS)
* Wildlife encounters — rabies, bites, stings*TRAVEL*

* Circadian rhythm — sleep disruption, fatigue
* Motion sickness
* Crowded living spaces — noroviruses, "common colds"
* Traffic accidents — injuries*SOCIOCULTURAL*

* Food — typhoid fever, indigestion, gout, gallbladder attack, pancreatitis
* Sanitation — diarrhea, hepatitis
* Accommodations — bedbugs, allergens
* Public spaces — smoke exposure, air pollution
* Medical care — lack of facilities, substandard care, lack of supplies


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